All You Need to Know about… Victoria Falls

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All You Need to Know about… Victoria Falls

All you need to know about Victoria Falls.
The falls’ stats, fun facts, how to get there, info about the visa, what is the best time to go, and more!

The Spectacular Victoria Falls are located on the border between Zimbabwe and Zambia. Being one of the three largest waterfalls in the world, the aborigines called it “Mosi-oa-Tunya”, meaning “The Smoke That Thunders”. That’s true – as the plane was descending to the Victoria Falls Airport, I could already see the plume of mist coming out from the crack in the forest, and when I checked in the Victoria Falls Hotel, I could already hear the sound of thunder coming from outside the balcony.

Victoria Falls - Zimbabwe Victoria Falls Hotel (Sunrise)

The waterfall is neither the highest nor the widest in the world, yet the combined height and width make the scale is only rivaled by South America’s Iguazu Falls.

The plume of mist of Victoria Falls
The plume of the mist of Victoria Falls

Since Victoria Falls is located in Southern Africa, the waterfall is certainly not as accessible as the others like the Niagara Falls. However, the towns nearby Victoria Falls are still pretty tourist-developed in an African way that makes our trip comfortable and fulfilling. We walked through the waterfalls trails in both Zimbabwe and Zambia, took the microlight flight, and visited the Chobe National Park in Botswana. The experience was just jaw-dropping and unforgettable.

Something about… Victoria Falls

infoVictoria Falls was named after the British monarch, Queen Victoria, by the expeditor David Livingstone when he first saw this wondrous natural spectacle on earth. The splendor of the waterfall and its misty rainbows (and I saw it in a full circle!) are just overwhelming. The upstream of the Zambezi River is lush riverine vegetation with an abundant game and prolific birdlife. As 40,000 cubic feet per second of water from the Zambezi River plummeting down a cliff where Zimbabwe and Zambia meet, the foaming water squeezes its way through a narrow gorge, creating the whirlpool rapids.

Victoria Falls - Zambia 8

Combining height, width, and volume, Victoria Falls are the three largest waterfalls in the world, together with Iguacu Falls in South America, and Niagara Falls in North America. Niagara Falls is significantly smaller than the other two (but in terms of volume it’s the largest); Iguacu Falls is a multi-tiered waterfall that is separated into 270 falls (and it’s the widest of them all). For Victoria Falls, it’s the highest, widest curtain of continually falling water – and the Main Fall of the Victoria Falls is the largest waterfall in the world.

The Zambezi River is the 4th largest river in Africa after the Nile, Congo, and Niger and it provides a large water source to the Victoria Falls. During the peak period, the annual water consumption of the city of New York goes over Victoria Falls in just 3.5 days!

There are several falls in the curtain of water that plummeting into the crack. Namely, Devil’s Cataract, Main Falls, Horseshoe Falls, Rainbow Falls, Armchair Falls, and Eastern Cataract. The majority of the falls is in Zambia, and most of the viewpoints are in Zimbabwe. While the Rainbow Falls in the middle is the part with the greatest height (107m).

Victoria Falls - Zambia 11

How to get there?

Flights to Victoria Falls, or Livingstone.

How-to-Get-thereThere are several airlines that operate international flights to the Victoria Falls. There are two towns around the falls: Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe and Livingstone in Zambia. Victoria Falls is closer to the falls (basically next to it) yet the airport is smaller in scale and it connects to only a few destinations. The most common destination would be Johannesburg, yet I found out that Kenya Airways opened a new route flying from Cape Town to the Victoria Falls since May 2017, and I was the first group of passengers taking that route. 😊 It would be the best airport for arrivals.

Victoria Falls Airport (VFA) Destinations:

  • Botswana: Maun
  • Ethiopia: Addis Ababa, Gaborone
  • Kenya: Nairobi
  • Namibia: Windhoek-Hosea Kutako
  • South Africa: Cape Town, Johannesburg
  • Zimbabwe: Bulawayo, Harare

Harry Mwanga Nkumbula Airport in Livingstone provides services in Zambia. It connects to fewer destinations but and it connects to Nelspruit – which is where I headed to after my visit to the Falls and continue my journey.

Harry Mwanga Nkumbula International Airport (LVI) Destinations:

  • Ethiopia: Addis Ababa
  • Kenya: Nairobi
  • South Africa: Cape Town, Johannesburg, Nelspruit
  • Zambia: Lusaka

Both routes are operating in small planes and there were less than 10 passengers on the flight. However, they were still professional and I landed safely and punctually.

Victoria Falls - Zambia 7Victoria Falls - Zambia 3

How to get a Visa?


Now, only 46 countries (mainly African and Caribbean countries, Pacific Islands, Hong Kong, and Singapore) enjoy visa-free entrance to Zimbabwe (and a few more to Zambia). In other words, most western countries will require a visa upon arrival. Since Victoria Falls is located on the border, it is likely that you may cross the borders a few times during the visit. The single-entry visa only allows visitors to cross the border once and it costs US$30.

Victoria Falls - Zimbabwe 10While a UniVisa (or Kaza Visa) gives permission to visitors to cross the Zimbabwe/Zambia border as frequently as they like within 30 days (As long as it’s within the two countries, also valid for having a day trip to Botswana). It costs US$50, and I would recommend doing so just in case you need to cross any border more than once – and then you realize that you need to apply for a visa again, and you forget to bring cash. It doesn’t take much time to obtain a visa at the airport, there’s probably no queues (but prepare cash, even better, have the exact change for each person at the counter, it saves a lot of time speeding up the process).

Policies might change from time to time, so be prepared and check their website for the latest information:

Victoria Falls - Zimbabwe 9
Although the rocks were washed constantly by the river the surface of the gorge is rather rough. It was because the Gorge is made up of basalt rock, a very hard rock that resists erosion and only removes in blocks by the water, not in grains.

Victoria Falls - Zambia 4

What is the best time to go?

Bes-time-to-goThe seasonal rise and fall of the Zambezi River change the look of the Falls on a daily basis. The western side of the Falls is lower than the eastern side and therefore carries the most water all year round. The Falls is at High Water from March to June and Low Water from September to December, while the portion from Livingstone island onward dries up almost completely during Low Water.

Visitors could feel humbled by the power of the waterfall as they witness the tumbling water mass below them during High Water, however, the spray often obscures the waterfall making it a bit difficult to see and photograph. I felt like walking through a thunderstorm and basically, I couldn’t actually see the falls clearly in the middle, but at the same time, it was quite an overwhelming experience.

Visitors could have a better look of the falls and even get close during Low Water, like walking on the edge of the waterfall and feel the height of the cliff at the Devil’s pool, or rafting in the gorges. So, each time of the year has its advantages and disadvantages.

Victoria Falls - Zimbabwe 2

What to do?

CameraThe exotic destination in Africa has a lot of things to see and do apart from walking along the observatory paths of the Victoria Falls in both Zimbabwe and Zambia. Take a Microlight flight or a helicopter ride, take a Zambezi River cruise, join a night safari game drive in the Victoria Falls Private Game Reserve, go to Chobe in Botswana, dine underneath the stars along the river, rafting through the gorges, catch a drum and dance show, learn about Zimbabwean culture and eat Mopani worms… Trust me, I got pretty busy prioritizing and the only problem for me is there’s not enough time!

I will share more about these activities, the history and the hotels and dining experience in later posts, stay tuned!

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43 thoughts on “All You Need to Know about… Victoria Falls

  1. Victoria falls seem amazing, specially in the video you shot! The information you wrote about the destinations is also very useful as it saves me time from googling that 😛 I’ve followed you on Instagram as well as it appears that you share some amazing photos!

    Best regards and happy travels!

  2. Victoria falls is indeed the stuff that dreams are made of. So spectacular and lovely indeed. It is incredible that the mist caused by the spray of the water is visible from the plane. Your video has stunningly captured the spectacular falls in its glory.

  3. If I only had 10 spots on my bucket list, Victoria Falls would be one of them. Thanks for a close-up account of it.

  4. Victoria Falls looks amazing, and I can see why they call the one Rainbow Falls 😃. Thanks for the post and for the practical visa advice. it sounds like the multiple entry visa is worth the extra $20.

  5. thank you for all that helpful visa information I will save that for later. I have visited a few major waterfalls in my time (Niagara comes to a Canadian) My friends who have been here over 10 years ago still talk about the place and the beauty of the area. So a definite bucket list addition.

  6. The Smoke That Thunders for sure! I am so jealous at the moment. I have been to eastern Africa as well as South Africa but couldn’t manage to squeeze in Zambia or Zimbabwe (visa crunch). It would be great to board the microlight flight, might just feel like in the movie “Gods must be crazy” ;).

    You mentioned that you have seen a full rainbow, could you share the location where can that be found. I have tried chasing full rainbows at a lot of different waterfalls in Asia (in vain). Might give it a try on my next African adventure.

    Devil’s Pool is very high on my list, but I guess for that I have to wait for the low water season.

    Thanks for some great visa info mate! Cheers.

  7. Victoria Falls is one of the places on my Africa bucket list. Unfortunately, so far we have only hit one country in the continent – Morocco. The amount of water from the falls is incredible. The visa information is very helpful, I’ll definitely keep that in mind.

  8. Love that you had a chance to do a video, it felt like we were there too, except all dry! Thank you for the visa information, I bet a lot of people don’t know about this and can’t enjoy all the activities that you did. I’ve never done a microlight flight, the views of the falls must be so beautiful!

  9. Great photos, would love to see this in person someday and take a Microlight flight or a helicopter ride! A night safari game drive in the Victoria Falls sounds amazing too. Thanks for sharing the information and the tips.

  10. Haha, I live in the driest state of the driest continent on earth (South Australia) so I’m not sure I could cope with all that water!!! That photo of you (?) at the cafe table overlooking the gorge is amazing – that’s got to be one of the best lunch spots anywhere!

  11. That would have been an absolutely amazing experience! I bet it was hard to take your eyes off it while you were there. It is a place that I would love to visit but we have been unsure about taking our daughters there at this stage so we are hoping to do it later in life. I love the rainbows that are formed by the water but then again everyone loves them I think!
    Great information on the visa’s too. It would be horrible to be at the border and have a mix-up with the one entry one so I would be getting the multiple one just in case.

  12. Such an incredible falls isn’t it! Yes, a little more difficult to reach than your big iconic natural attractions in western countries, but definitely worth the journey. 40,000 cubic feet per second makes for a pretty incredible sight (and sound!!) Great visa info, especially on multiple border crossings – you got some stunning photos, thanks for sharing your experience with us!

  13. Good tip on getting the UniVisa! I love chasing waterfalls so the Victoria Falls is high on my list. I will need to plan a good 2-3 weeks trip there to experience the surrounding. The night safari game drive would be a great activity to check out!

  14. This information is good to know because I had no idea Victoria Falls fell between two countries. This is one place I definitely want to see along with Niagara Falls. I’m sure the view is even more breathtaking in person!

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